Galileo High School

"Global Competition Starts Here"


Galileo offers three strands, which are elective concentrations in a specific discipline. Upon successful completion of the Advanced Communications and Networking Strand, the Biotechnology Strand or the Advanced Publications Strand the student will have their diploma embossed with the strand seal.


The specific programs of study for the three strands are as follows:

Advanced Communications and Networking Strand

1.  Computer Applications

2. Advanced Computer Information Systems I

3. Advanced Computer Information Systems II

4. Advanced Design, Multimedia  and Web Technology

5. Advanced Computer Network Software Operations



Advanced Biotechnology Strand

Prerequisite - Biology

1.  Advanced Biology II - Genetics

2. Advanced Applications of Biotechnology

3. Advanced Microbial Genomics



Advanced Publications Strand

1.  Computer Art

2. Journalism 1

3. Photography / Image Technology

4. Journalism 2

5. Communications, Writing, and Publishing




Advanced Applications of Biotechnologies

Prerequisites: Advance Biology II Genetics; Credit 1  Unit

As a follow up to DNA Technologies, this course will allow students to further their understanding of biotechnology through lab work involving immunology, plant tissue culture, and protein assay. Students  will explore the process of PCR and its applications. Extensive  use will be made of the resources of the Fralin Biotechnology Center at Virginia Tech and much of the course will be based on laboratory work. Bioinformatics will be explored  especially as it relates to the Human Genome Project.



Advanced Biology II - Genetics

Prerequisites: Cell Biology or Advanced Biology; Credit 1  Unit

This course will offer students in the biotechnology strand a close  look at important discoveries in DNA science, the role of DNA in the cell, and the applications of this knowledge in agriculture, forensics, and medicine. Students will work extensively in the lab and will learn techniques of DNA extraction, gel electrophoresis, and recombinant DNA. Ethical  issues such as those related to cloning, gene therapy, and genetically modified organisms will be examined throughout the course from a variety of perspectives.



Advanced Communications, Writing, and Publishing

Prerequisites: Comp Art I, Jour 1  & 2, Photography/ Image Technology;  Credit: 1  unit This class is reserved for students who are chosen to serve  as yearbook and newspaper editor. The editor helps to compile and format photos and articles produced by other journalism students in various forms.



Advanced Computer Information Systems 1

Prerequisite: Computer Applications; Credit 1  Unit

Students apply problem-solving skills to real-life situations through word processing, spreadsheets, databases, multimedia presentations, and integrated software activities. Students work individually and in groups to explore computer  concepts, operating systems, networks, telecommunications, and emerging technologies.



Advanced Computer Information Systems 2

Prerequisite: Computer Applications; Credit 1  Unit

Students apply problem-solving skills to real-life situations through advanced integrated software applications, including printed, electronic, and web publications. Students work

individually  and in groups to explore advanced computer maintenance activities, website development, programming, networking, emerging technology, and employability skills.



Advanced Computer Network Software Operations

Prerequisite: Computer Applications, CIS 1  or 2, and Design, Multimedia, & Web

Technologies; Credit 1  Unit

Computer Network Software Operations is designed to teach many aspects of computer support and network administrations. Students learn networking concepts, form usage to components, and set up peer-to-peer network systems and client server networks. Students install and configure network cards and connect them to networks. Students learn how to install the operating systems, set up and manage accounts, load software, and set up and implement security plans.



Advanced Design, Multimedia,  & Web Technologies

Prerequisite: Computer Applications and CIS 1  or 2; Credit 1  Unit

Utilizing the Adobe Software Suite students develop proficiency in designing and creating desktop published projects, multimedia presentations/projects, and websites, using industry- standard application software. Students apply principles of layout and design in completing projects. Students create portfolios that include  a resume  and a variety of desktop-published, multimedia, and website projects produced in the course.



Advanced Microbial Genomics

Prerequisites: Advanced Applications of Biotechnology; Credit 1  Unit Microbial Genomics  is a course developed in partnership with the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute and the National Science Foundation. Students in Microbial Genomics learn about pathogens through the study of DNA and protein sequences. The course begins with a study of emerging diseases such  as West Nile, Lyme disease, and SARS, as well as pathogens such  as HIV and E. Coli O157:H7. Students compare DNA and protein sequences of various strains using computer databases. Students learn to extract DNA from bacteria, identify bacteria through staining,  and use gel electrophoresis in conjunction with bioinformatics tools to study genes. The course explores the use of bioinformatics and 3D molecular visualization software in the development of drug targets and vaccine candidates. To familiarize themselves with all of the necessary tools for comparing  sequences and visualizing molecules in 3D, students  complete  a set of tutorials using the website for the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).

Computer Applications

Prerequisites: None; Credit 1  Unit

Students develop or review correct keyboarding techniques and gain a basic knowledge  of word processing, spreadsheet, database, graphics, and telecommunications applications utilizing the Microsoft Office Suite. Students demonstrate an understanding of computer concepts through application of knowledge. Students learn to use software packages and local and worldwide  network communications systems.



Computer Art

Prerequisites: None; Credit 1  Unit

In this course, students will use a wide  variety of animation techniques in various media. After new software is learned and hardware knowledge  is established, students will be given ample time to develop their original ideas using any and all equipment  available. Emphasis is put on providing highly motivated students the opportunity to develop  a portfolio, pursue an idea in-depth,  experiment  with many techniques, and/or develop an individual  style. They are encouraged to intermix traditional media with technology and may work independently or in small groups.



Journalism 1-4

Prerequisites: None; Preceding Journalism Course Credit 1  Unit

These courses are designed to train journalists in a variety of writing styles including straight news, editorials, features, and columns. Additionally, the students will learn to work with layout and design, graphics, photography, and headline and caption writing. It will be the responsibility of these classes to produce the school yearbook and publish  all issues of the school newspaper.



Photography / Image Technology

Prerequisites: Junior or Senior Classification; Credit 1  Unit

This course is designed to give students a comprehensive overview of digital camera designs and capabilities, and the series of steps to take great photographs.  Students will learn about lenses, when to use them and how to select the right lens for your pictures. The course

takes the mystery out of pixels, megapixels, filters, flashes, exposure meters and much more. Photography/Imaging Technology will teach students how to tell a story through pictures.